DMX, a Digital Multiplex, is a data protocol based on sending signals over a single cable. DMX provides light-related equipment, components, dimmers control. Endlessly, in the entertainment industry, the so-called DMX 512 protocol is often used.
If you do a little research on the search engines with the name “DMX”, you will often see pictures and videos of sites that the community has visited all the time, such as night clubs, bars, lounges, theater stages.
The DMX512 has 512 channels as mentioned and can communicate with this number of devices. This protocol is asynchronous serial digital data protocol.
1 master DMX controller, 1 slave Dimmer and a simple DMX structure is installed with a lamp. Or you can manage 4 light sources with a 4 channel DMX decoder. You can process 8 different light sources using daisy-chain topology with 8 buttons that you can adjust sensitively between 0 and 255.
The DMX512 connectors are available in 5-pin and 3-pin connectors. They are the 3 pinned ones that are often used in the market. One of these pins is “DATA -“, one is “DATA +” and the other is “GROUND” pin. In the DMX 512 protocol, the transmission speed is 250 kHz. The minimum DMX package size is 5700 bits. A minimum of 44 DMX packages are sent per second.